Sulfide Oxidation across Diffuse Flow Zones of Hydrothermal Vents

TitleSulfide Oxidation across Diffuse Flow Zones of Hydrothermal Vents
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsGartman, A, Yucel, M, Madison, AS, Chu, DW, Ma, S, Janzen, CP, Becker, EL, Beinart, RA, Girguis, PR, Luther, GW
JournalAquatic Geochemistry
Date Publishedsep
KeywordsROV Jason (Remotely Operated Vehicle)

The sulfide (H(2)S/HS(-)) that is emitted from hydrothermal vents begins to oxidize abiotically with oxygen upon contact with ambient bottom water, but the reaction kinetics are slow. Here, using in situ voltammetry, we report detection of the intermediate sulfur oxidation products polysulfides [S(x)(2-)] and thiosulfate [S(2)O(3)(2-)], along with contextual data on sulfide, oxygen, and temperature. At Lau Basin in 2006, thiosulfate was identified in less than one percent of approximately 10,500 scans and no polysulfides were detected. Only five percent of 11,000 voltammetric scans taken at four vent sites at Lau Basin in May 2009 show either thiosulfate or polysulfides. These in situ data indicate that abiotic sulfide oxidation does not readily occur as H(2)S contacts oxic bottom waters. Calculated abiotic potential sulfide oxidation rates are